The Gorgeous Tremiti Islands
By: Liz Flynn
Located in the Adriatic Sea off the coast of Puglia are the Tremiti Islands. This archipelago is made up of five small islands; Capraia, Cretaccio, Pianosa, San Domino, and San Nicola. The islands are part of the Gargano National Park which is known for its clear blue waters and solitude. The archipelago is a huge attraction for tourists and approximately 100,000 people visit them each year.
The Tremiti Islands
There are two theories of where the name ‘Tremiti’ originates. The first is that it relates to the frequent tremors felt in the area. The second theory is that it comes from the Greek word ’Trimeros. This means ‘Tree Islands’. Two of the five islands have been inhabited since the 4th century BC. Under Ferdinand IV, the king of Sicily, the islands became a colony in the 18th century. When Mussolini was the prime minister of Italy, the islands were used as a camp for deported homosexuals. The government tried to sell off parts of the islands in 2012 and this led to a big scandal. However, nobody bid on the land so the islands remained intact and the locals were kept happy.
Capraia is a small island that is uninhabited by humans. It gets its name from the wild goats that dwell on the island. It is the same size as San Nicola.
This island lies between San Nicola and San Domino. It is just a large rock in the sea and is uninhabited.
Pianosa is also uninhabited and lies away from the rest of the islands in the archipelago. In fact, it is 20 nautical miles away from the coast. It is just 250 meters wide and 700 meters long.
This is the largest of the islands in the archipelago and it has a population of approximately 250 people. It is also the closest of the islands to the Gargano Peninsula. The island is 2,600 meters in length and measures 1,700 meters across.
Approximately 150 people live on the island of San Nicola, which measure 1,600 meters across and 450 meters in width. The Benedictine monks established the Santa Maria a Mare abbey on the island in the 9th century.