By: Liz Flynn
Often, we do not think about the things we use on a daily basis, such as where they came from, who was the first person to use an item and who came up with the idea in the first place. There are a staggering amount of ideas and objects that originate in Italy and here are some of the inventors we can thank for their brainwaves.
Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci lived between 1452 and 1519. Throughout his life, this talented man made significant contributions as a scientist, an artist, a creative engineer and an inventor. He is famous for, amongst other things, designing prototypes of an aeroplane and a parachute.
Bartolomeo Cristofori di Francesco
Born in 1655 in Padua, this man was an instrument maker who is credited with the invention of the piano. He died in 1731.
Antonio Benedetto Carpano
This Italian distiller invented Vermouth. This led to the concept of the aperitif. Antonio Benedetto Carpano lived between 1764 and 1815.
This man is famous for the invention of a device called a pantelegraph. It was from the basic concept of this machine that the fax machine was invented. This invention was registered in 1861.
Salvino Degli Armati
Salvino Degli Armati is one of two people who is credited with the invention of reading glasses. The other person is Alessandro della Spina. However, it is also possible that this visual aid was invented by a Venetian glassmaker.
Although Graham Bell was the first to patent the invention of the telephone, it was actually Antonio Meucci who invented the telephone. He first began to develop a design in 1849 and even applied for a patent in 1871. However, the patent expired in 1874 and Meucci did not have sufficient funds to renew the patent. After Graham Bell successfully patented the invention, Meucci’s work was overlooked. However, his contributions were officially recognized in 2002.
Marconi was born in 1874. Although he contributed to developing radio transmission, the Italian government was not interested and he had to travel to London in order to patent his ideas. Lord Kelvin was the first to send a ‘Marconigram’ in 1889 and Marconi then established the Wireless Telegram Company in 1897 in London and this later became the Marconi Wireless Telegram Co. Ltd. Marconi also developed or contributed to the continuous wave system, the magnetic detector and horizontal direction telegraphy.